The changes in peoples feelings towards the government during julius caesars era
Roman republic vs roman empire
Trouble was brewing in Dacia across the Danube, and the Parthians had not been punished for the destruction of Crassus' army. Caesar won comfortably, despite his opponents' greater experience and standing. Meanwhile, Asiagenus was also on the march south with an army of his own. However, Caesar's restless temperament was not satisfied by administration and legislation at Rome. He also extended Latin rights throughout the Roman world, and then abolished the tax system and reverted to the earlier version that allowed cities to collect tribute however they wanted, rather than needing Roman intermediaries. Sulla can be seen as setting the precedent for Julius Caesar 's dictatorship, and for the eventual end of the Republic under Augustus. Significantly, just before his death, Caesar was appointed dictator for life. By replacing it with the Egyptian calendar, based on the sun, Roman farmers were able to use it as the basis of consistent seasonal planting from year to year. He also married his third wife, Caecilia Metella, which connected him to the mighty Caecilii Metelli family.
His mother, Atiawas the niece of Julius Caesar. This informal alliance, known as the First Triumvirate "rule of three men"was cemented by the marriage of Pompey to Caesar's daughter Julia.
Beware the Ides of March But his rule would be cut short. Marcus Licinius Crassus marched with an army from Spain, and would later play a pivotal role at the Colline Gates.
The Germanic tribes then moved to the lands north and east of Tolosa in south-western Gaul. The crown, by tradition, was woven from grasses and other plants taken from the actual battlefield.
Generous in victory, he was kind to his defeated rivals, giving them all amnesties and even inviting some to join him in government. After he had first marched on Rome in 49 BC, he forcibly opened the treasury, although a tribune had the seal placed on it. Pompey accused Caesar of insubordination and treason.
Near the end of 81 BC, Sulla, true to his traditionalist sentiments, resigned his dictatorship, disbanded his legions and re-established normal consular government. His political enemies accused him of provoking the war—he would not have been the first Roman governor in Spain who had done so—but he was nevertheless awarded the right of a triumph for his victory.
In the south, young Marius gathered a large host of Samnites , who assuredly would lose influence with the anti-popular Sulla in charge of Rome. From there, Caesar extended Roman arms north with military victories over the Belgi 57 B. Mark Antony later used the examples of these battles as a means to belittle Octavian, as both battles were decisively won with the use of Antony's forces. Old enemies joined forces with some of his supporters, fed up of his dictatorial style. Whoever had been consul in this critical year would have had to initiate such legislation, whatever his personal political predilections. Sulla dashed back to his own right wing and ordered the general advance. He then used his power to secure the governorship of Gaul modern day France and Belgium. The slaughter was terrible, and some reports estimate that only 10, men of Mithridates' original army survived. Pompey had returned from the East after having eliminated Mithridates and made major political settlements. For he was the first to launch a fleet upon the western ocean and to sail through the Atlantic sea carrying an army to wage war. His veterans were scattered throughout the province and allowed to extort the wealth of local communities. He advanced inland, and established a few alliances. With this in mind, Lucullus and his navy refused to help Fimbria, and Mithridates 'escaped' to Lesbos. Besieging rebels in what is now the Dordogne part of France, he waited until their water supply ran out and then cut off the hands of all the survivors. The first of these was Q.
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