Machiavelli writes the prince
He gives the example of Cesare Borgiawhose cruelty protected him from rebellions. We catch a glimpse of him at midnight in the chamber of Guidobaldo de Montefeltro, the duke of Urbino, who had been newly restored to his former estates by the loyalty of his subjects, and to his former rank of gonfaloniere [standard-bearer] of the church by the new pope.
Machiavelli advice to the prince
After it was discovered that Machiavelli was wrongly accused, the Medici released him, leaving him with a stained reputation. In his view, a prince should be concerned only with power and be bound only by rules that would lead to success in political actions. After his defeat at Waterloo , these comments were found in the emperor's coach and taken by the Prussian military. Giuliano lived at Urbino for many years there is a rather charming picture of him there in Castiglione's Il Cortegiano , and all his life he cherished deep gratitude and a strong affection for Duke Guidobaldo. The prince, from his lofty but precarious perch, dare not see the people as other than they are described in Chapter Seventeen: "ungrateful, fickle, treacherous, cowardly, and greedy. In the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position in the city government but, when a conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered in early , he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on a list taken from the conspirators. Machiavelli desperately wanted to return to politics. Perhaps they are, or perhaps this equation is merely a self-serving way for those who crave power to defend injustices. Machiavelli compares two great military leaders: Hannibal and Scipio Africanus. Let us take just a few instances, the crucial ones. After saying in Chapter Thirteen that the duke had used first French troops, then mercenaries under condottieri captains and then his own men, Machiavelli comments, "He was never esteemed more highly than when everyone saw that he was complete master of his own forces. In the spring of he was placed on the torture rack under suspicion of involvement in conspiracy. After he laid siege to the governing council and terrified the citizenry, he had then set up a government with himself as absolute ruler. The Medici, after restoring their power over Florence, deprived him of political office and, within a year, had him tortured for conspiracy.
They assign a leader who can be popular to the people while the great benefit, or a strong authority defending the people against the great.
Machiavelli advises the ruler to go the first route, stating that if a prince doesn't destroy a city, he can expect "to be destroyed by it".
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan The author presents a grim vision of human beings in their natural state, which becomes the basis for his argument that a practically omnipotent government is necessary to secure a basic level of justice and elementary freedoms. He justifies this by saying that men are wicked, and never keep their words, therefore the ruler doesn't have to keep his.
Machiavelli writes the prince
Gilbert supposed the need to discuss conquering free republics is linked to Machiavelli's project to unite Italy, which contained some free republics. In any case, Machiavelli would have believed what, in The Prince, he said the duke said, as little as he believed the bluster that, in , he actually reported. The people can only see the prince as, by nature and necessity, false, cruel, mean, and hypocritical. To what extent the means that Machiavelli promotes in The Prince are justified by the ends, and whether the means actually bring about the ends, remain open questions. The result was massive political intrigue, blackmail, and violence. Beginning with Plato and Aristotle, the thinkers of this tradition were concerned with issues of justice and human happiness, and with the constitution of the ideal state. This does not just mean that the cities should be prepared and the people trained; a prince who is hated is also exposed. Moreover, it is impossible for the prince to satisfy everybody's expectations. Everyone knows that Machiavelli recommended hypocrisy and ingratitude, meanness, cruelty, and treachery as the traits proper to princes. There Cesare kneels on the floor, sobbing in pure terror, begging the old friend whom he had betrayed and robbed, with incredible meanness, not just of his duchy, but of his books and his antique medals, not to kill him, please not to kill him, to leave him at least his life, until Guidobaido, beyond any feeling about this curious monster, says he does not wish to kill him; he only wishes him to go away.
Roman emperors, on the other hand, had not only the majority and ambitious minority, but also a cruel and greedy military, who created extra problems because they demanded. These are solid works, earnest and thoughtful, often original and provocative.
Beginning with Plato and Aristotle, the thinkers of this tradition were concerned with issues of justice and human happiness, and with the constitution of the ideal state. He died in Florence on June 21,
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