Five year plan
Since it need not be approved by the Union Cabinet, its recommendations are not binding on the government. In France, where the land is infinitely divided up among individual property owners, it is impossible to mechanise agriculture; the Soviets, however, by industrialising agriculture, have solved the problem.
Inat the 14th Party CongressStalin, as he usually did in the early days, stayed in the background but sided with the Bukharin group.
This plan was a revolution that intended to transform all aspects of society. However, the quotas put in place were so high that virtually all output would be surrendered to the government.
Five year plan
Have we achieved victories in this sphere? This was said at the time when we were bringing to a close the war against the interventionists, when we were passing from the military struggle against capitalism to the struggle on the economic front, to the period of economic development. Such are the results of the five-year plan in four years as regards the development of trade turnover. Its approach to industrialization was very inefficient and extreme amounts of resources were put into construction that, in many cases, was never completed. The fear of invasion from the West left the Soviets feeling a need for rapid industrialization to increase Soviet war-making potential, and to compete with the Western powers. They suffer because the presence of a large number of unemployed makes their position in industry insecure, makes them uncertain about their future. Programs not necessary to heavy industry were cut from the Soviet budget; and because of the redistribution of industrial funding, basic goods, such as food, became scarce.
Still later, when this trick used against the Soviet regime also failed to produce the expected results, a series of voyages to the U. It was issued in Warsaw from to It would be a mistake to think that since these successes have been attained everything is as it should be.
Seventh five year plan
We would have committed an enormous crime against the country, against the working class; for by doing that we would have ruined our rising industry. The one thing certain is that the enormous plants now being established guarantee a very considerable increase in the output of the heavy industries. Consideration of the fact that the Soviet regime could not maintain itself for long on the basis of a backward industry; that only a modern large-scale industry, one not merely not inferior to but capable in time of surpassing the industries of the capitalist countries, can serve as a real and reliable foundation for the Soviet regime. That is why I think that in the second five-year plan period we shall have to adopt less speedy rates of increase in industrial output. The results of the five-year plan show that the five-year plan has already been fulfilled. The position of the members of collective farms is that they are no longer individual farmers, but collectivists; but their consciousness is as yet still the old one—that of private property owners. Please credit "Marxists Internet Archive" as your source. Aside from the terrible conditions in the new factories, where unskilled peasants had little idea of how to operate machines, the collectivisation of agriculture was ruinous. It is a special type of trade, which has never existed in history before, and which is practised only by us, the Bolsheviks, under the conditions of Soviet development. And here is the opinion of a British bourgeois newspaper, The Daily Telegraph, 4 expressed at the end of November "As a practical test of 'planned economics' the scheme has quite clearly failed. That is the essence of the principal achievements of the five-year plan in improving the material conditions of the workers and peasants.
It was enough for us to carry on construction work for a matter of two or three years, it was enough for us to show the first successes of the five-year plan, for the whole world to be split into two camps — the camp of those who never tire of snarling at us, and the camp of those who are amazed at the successes of the five-year plan, apart from the fact that we have all over the world our own camp, which is growing stronger—the camp of the working class in the capitalist countries, which rejoices at the successes of the working class in the U.
There can be no doubt that without this we could not have achieved our goal, we could not have advanced a single step. Hence, each per cent of increase was then equal to 45, rubles. The Party proceeded from the fact that without collectivisation it would be impossible to lead our country on to the high road of building the economic foundations of socialism, impossible to free the vast masses of the labouring peasantry from poverty and ignorance.
Third five year plan
We were able to see the frightful difficulties the working people of the Soviet Union encounter on their path. We had only one centre of the textile industry — in the North of our country. And in these two years the workers have already forgotten about unemployment, about its burden and its horrors. A sharp turn of the wheel to one side or the other was inevitable, and the population squared for the shock. A partial crop failure in southern Russia aggravated the situation. Under our economic system we are fully able to obtain, and we must obtain, a per cent annual increase of production as a minimum. Soviet Propaganda for the Five Year Plan. Of course, I am not opposed to developing these industries. But, then, we must realise and take into account where such a policy of relegating the task of industrialisation to the background would have led us. But we have unquestionably attained a position where the material conditions of the workers and peasants are improving from year to year. To establish a regime of the strictest economy and to accumulate the resources necessary for financing the industrialisation of our country — such was the path that had to be taken in order to succeed in creating heavy industry and in carrying out the five-year plan. This famine led many Russians to relocate to find food, jobs, and shelter outside of their small villages which caused many towns to become overpopulated. These last are still weak economic organisms, which have not yet fully taken shape. But a feeling of tense expectancy now stretched the country's nerves taut.
Hence, every per cent of increase represented more than , rubles, i. Vladimir Lenin tried to establish removal of grain from wealthier peasants after the initial failure of state farms but this was also unsuccessful.
Some keen young Communists, called Pioneers, went into barren areas and set up new towns and industries from nothing.
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