Different types of case study analysis
Exploratory case study
The qualitative step of analysis consists of a methodologically controlled assignment of the category to a passage of text MAYRING, a, . Selecting a Case The first step is to choose the subject, topic or case. Case studies are often used in exploratory research. An example of this type of case study would be the uncontacted tribes of Indians in the Peruvian and Brazilian rainforest. Interviews Interviews are one of the most important sources of information for case studies. Not every case study has a proposition. Most company or organization case studies are done for business purposes. That is why the procedures need to be tested in a pilot study. Understanding the Different Types of Case Studies Types of Case Studies There are several different types of case studies, as well as several types of subjects of case studies. For example, a case study could be done challenging the efficacy of different therapy methods for vets with PTSD. There was a time when cars did not have seatbelts. A good case study should always make clear which information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher.
Problems of reliability: here, particular attention is paid to the trustworthiness of the coding. For this the text is paraphrased, generalized or abstracted and reduced.
That is why the procedures need to be tested in a pilot study.
Characteristics of case study
BERELSON defined content analysis like this: "Content analysis is a research technique for the objective, systematic, and quantitative description of the manifest content of communication" p. Structuring: corresponds more or less to the procedures used in classical content analysis and is also viewed as the most crucial technique of content analysis, the goal of which is to filter out a particular structure from the material. Additional relevant documentation, such as financial statements, time-lines, and short biographies, often referred to in the case study as exhibits, and multimedia supplements such as video-recordings of interviews with the case subject often accompany the case studies. When selecting a case for a case study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling. By Saul McLeod , updated What is a case study research method? In some instances, these exercises include content that is relevant to the company's affairs, giving candidates a taste of a real day-to-day task. Thus, a clear and concise definition of qualitative research can hardly be found. Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways. What kind of case study is explanatory? It was important to learn what lead up to the event, and how best to proven it from happening in the future. A researcher might meet with a subject multiple times, and use the open-ended method. A very popular topic for case studies was the events of September 11th. These documents may relate to hypothetical or real-life situations. Since then MAYRING's works seem to have become standard literature on qualitative content analysis and some regularly appear in new editions e. Finally an "explicatory paraphrase" is made of the particular portion of text and the explication is examined with reference to the total context.
This implies that the procedures of content analysis cannot be fixed but have to be adapted depending on the subject and its context. In these cases, candidates are required to use their existing knowledge and experience to identify key information from the brief.
Click an approach on the left to navigate to it Causal Link Monitoring An approach designed to support ongoing learning and adaptation, which identifies the processes required to achieve desired results, and then observes whether those processes take place, and how.
However, event case studies can be explanatory. Central to it is a category system which is developed right on the material employing a theory-guided procedure.
This will help to refine the data collection plans with respect to both the content of the data and the procedures to be followed. One of the goals of a case study is to reach as many people as possible.
Different types of case study analysis
Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways. Within a feedback loop the categories are revised, eventually reduced to main categories and checked in respect to their reliability MAYRING, a, . Click an approach on the left to navigate to it Utilisation-Focused Evaluation An approach to decision-making in evaluation that involves identifying the primary intended users and uses of an evaluation and then making all decisions in terms of the evaluation design and plan with reference to these. What is your current knowledge about the problem or situation? For example, a vet with an incredibly severe case of PTSD could be studied to find ways to treat his condition. A guide for the final case study report. The study wasn't so much about psychology, but about Genie herself, and how her experiences shaped who she was. How to analyze case study data The data collected can be analyzed using different theories e. How is a case study conducted? Later, the concept was extended to include all those procedures which operate with categories, but which seek at least to quantify these categories by means of a frequency survey of classifications ibid.
Genie is what the researchers are interested in, and what their readers will be most interested in.
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